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Open data are data sets that are available to the public without restrictions on access or use. They are generally provided by government entities or public institutions and are presented in standardized formats that facilitate their analysis, reuse and sharing. The main purpose of this openness is to foster transparency, innovation and citizen engagement.

Example: A city council decides to publish all data about ongoing construction projects in the city, including contractors, costs, estimated completion dates and locations. With this information, a group of developers creates an application that allows citizens to visualize the progress of these constructions, also providing a space for citizens to give feedback or report problems directly to the authorities.

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